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## Messwerte und Gewichte

linear measure, area measure, cubic measure, liquid measure, American and British avoirdupois units of weight, troy and apothecaries' - conversion factors

## length

 Conversion Factors 1 centimeter = 0.39 inch 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters 1 meter = 39.37 inches 1 foot = 0.305 meter 1 meter = 3.28 feet 1 yard = 0.914 meter 1 meter = 1.094 yards 1 kilometer = 0.62 mile 1 mile = 1.609 kilometers American and British Units 1 inch = 1/36 yard = 1/12 foot 1 foot = 1/3 yard 1 yard (basic unit of length) 1 rod = 5 1/2 yards 1 furlong = 220 yards = 40 rods 1 mile = 1,760 yards = 5,280 feet 1 fathom = 6 feet 1 nautical mile = 6,076.1 feet

## area

 Conversion Factors 1 square centimeter = 0.155 square inch 1 square inch = 6.45 square centimeters 1 acre = 0.405 hectare 1 hectare = 2.47 acres 1 square kilometer = 0.386 square mile 1 square mile = 2.59 square kilometers American and British Units 1 square inch = 1/1,296 square yard = 1/144 square foot 1 square foot = 1/9 square yard 1 square yard (basic unit of area) 1 square rod = 30 1/4 square yards 1 acre = 4,840 square yards = 160 square rods 1 square mile = 3,097,600 square yards = 640 acres

## volume and capacity (liquid and dry)

Conversion Factors

1 cubic centimeter = 0.06 cubic inch
1 cubic inch = 16.4 cubic centimeters
1 cubic yard = 0.765 cubic meter
1 cubic meter = 1.3 cubic yards
1 milliliter = 0.034 fluid ounce
1 fluid ounce = 29.6 milliliters
1 U.S. quart = 0.946 liter
1 liter = 1.06 U.S. quarts
1 U.S. gallon = 3.8 liters
1 imperial gallon = 1.2 U.S. gallons = 4.5 liters
1 liter = 0.9 dry quart
1 dry quart = 1.1 liters
1 dekaliter = 0.28 U.S. bushel
1 U.S. bushel = 0.97 imperial bushel = 3.5 dekaliters

American and British Units

1 cubic inch = 1/46,656 cubic yard = 1/1,728 cubic foot
1 cubic foot = 1/27 cubic yard
1 cubic yard (basic unit of volume)
1 U.S. fluid ounce = 1/128 U.S. gallon = 1/16 U.S. pint
1 British imperial fluid ounce = 1/160 imperial gallon = 1/20 imperial pint
1 pint = 1/8 gallon = 1/2 quart
1 quart = 1/4 gallon
1 U.S. gallon (basic unit of liquid capacity in the United States) = 231 cubic inches
1 imperial gallon (unit of liquid capacity in some Commonwealth nations) = 277.4 cubic inches
1 dry pint = 1/64 bushel = 1/2 dry quart
1 dry quart = 1/32 bushel = 1/8 peck
1 peck = 1/4 bushel
1 U.S. bushel (basic unit of dry capacity in the United States) = 2,150.4 cubic inches
1 imperial bushel (unit of dry capacity in some Commonwealth nations) = 2,219.4 cubic inches

## weight (mass)

Conversion Factors

1 milligram = 0.015 grain
1 grain = 64.8 milligrams
1 gram = 0.035 avoirdupois ounce
1 avoirdupois ounce = 28.35 grams
1 troy or apothecaries' pound = 0.82 avoirdupois pound = 0.37 kilogram
1 avoirdupois pound = 1.2 troy or apothecaries' pounds = 0.45 kilogram
1 kilogram = 2.205 avoirdupois pounds
1 short ton = 0.9 metric ton
1 metric ton = 1.1 short tons

American and British Units: Avoirdupois

1 grain = 1/7,000 pound = 1/437.5 ounce
1 dram = 1/256 pound = 1/16 ounce
1 ounce = 1/16 pound
1 pound (basic unit of weight or mass)
1 short hundredweight = 100 pounds
1 long hundredweight = 112 pounds
1 short ton = 2,000 pounds
1 long ton = 2,240 pounds

American and British Units: Troy and Apothecaries'

1 grain = 1/7,000 avoirdupois pound = 1/5,760 troy or apothecaries' pound
1 apothecaries' scruple = 20 grains = 1/3 dram
1 pennyweight = 24 grains = 1/20 troy ounce
1 apothecaries' dram = 60 grains = 1/8 apothecaries' ounce
1 troy or apothecaries' ounce = 480 grains = 1/12 troy or apothecaries' pound
1 troy or apothecaries' pound = 5,760 grains = 5,760/7,000 avoirdupois pound

## linear measure

 12 inches (in.) = 1 foot (ft.) 3 feet = 1 yard (yd) 5 ½ yards = 1 rod (rd), pole, or perch (16 ½ ft.) 40 rods = 1 furlong (fur) = 220 yds = 660 ft. 8 furlongs = 1 statute mile (mi.) = 1,760 yds= 5,280 ft. 3 land miles = 1 league 5,280 feet = 1 statute or land mile 6,076.11549 feet = 1 international nautical mile

## area measure

 144 square inches = 1 sq ft. 9 square feet = 1 sq yd = 1,296 sq in. 301/4 square yards = 1 sq rd = 2721/4 sq ft. 160 square rods = 1 acre = 4,840 sq yds= 43,560 sq ft. 640 acres = 1 sq mi. 1 square mile = 1 section (of land) 6 square miles = 1 township = 36 sections= 36 sq mi.

## cubic measure

 1,728 cubic inches = 1 cu ft. 27 cubic feet = 1 cu yd

## liquid measure

 4 gills (gi) = 1 pint (pt) (= 28.875 cu in.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt) (= 57.75 cu in.) 4 quarts = 1 gallon (gal) (= 231 cu in.)= 8 pts = 32 gills

## avoirdupois weights

 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone 28 pounds = 1 tod 112 pounds = 1 hundredweight 364 pounds = 1 sack 2240 pounds = 1 ton 2 stones = 1 quarter 4 quarters = 1 hundredweight 20 hundredweight = 1 ton

## troy & apothecaries weights

 1 ounce = 480 grains 1 ounce = 24 scruples 1 ounce = 20 pennyweights 1 ounce = 8 drams

## length

 1 nail = 21 inches 4 inches = 1 hand 12 inches = 1 foot 3 foot = 1 yard 5.5 yards = 1 rod 6 foot = 1 fathom 22 yards = 1 chain 100 links = 1 chain 10 chains = 1 furlong 8 furlongs = 1 statute mile 6080 foot = 1 nautical mile

## volume

 60 minims = 1 fluid drachm 8 fluid drachms = 1 fluid ounce 20 fluid ounces = 1 pint 4 gills = 1 pint 2 pints = 1 quart 4 quarts = 1 gallon 2 gallons = 1 peck 4 pecks = 1 bushel 8 bushels = 1 quarter 36 bushels = 1 chaldron
 °C °F -20 -4 -19 -2.2 -18 -0.4 -17 1.4 -16 3.2 -15 5 -14 6.8 -13 8.6 -12 10.4 -11 12.2 -10 14 -9 15.8 -8 17.6 -7 19.4 -6 21.2 -5 23 -4 24.8 -3 26.6 -2 28.4 -1 30.2 0 32 1 33.8 2 35.6 3 37.4 4 39.2 5 41 6 42.8 7 44.6 8 46.4 9 48.2 10 50 11 51.8 12 53.6 13 55.4 14 57.2 15 59 16 60.8 17 62.6 18 64.4 19 66.2 20 68 21 69.8 22 71.6 23 73.4 24 75.2 25 77 26 78.8 27 80.6 28 82.4 29 84.2 30 86 31 87.8 32 89.6 33 91.4 34 93.2 35 95 36 96.8 37 98.6 38 100.4 39 102.2 40 104 41 105.8 42 107.6 43 109.4 44 111.2 45 113 46 114.8 47 116.6 48 118.4 49 120.2 50 122 51 123.8 52 125.6 53 127.4 54 129.2 55 131 56 132.8 57 134.6 58 136.4 59 138.2 60 140 61 141.8 62 143.6 63 145.4 64 147.2 65 149 66 150.8 67 152.6 68 154.4 69 156.2 70 158 71 159.8 72 161.6 73 163.4 74 165.2 75 167 76 168.8 77 170.6 78 172.4 79 174.2 80 176 81 177.8 82 179.6 83 181.4 84 183.2 85 185 86 186.8 87 188.6 88 190.4 89 192.2 90 194 91 195.8 92 197.6 93 199.4 94 201.2 95 203 96 204.8 97 206.6 98 208.4 99 210.2 100 212

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